It indulged into a lot of crises in the past. These crises are economical issues, terrorism, internal issues and especially of energy crises. The problem of energy shortage is of primary importance throughout the country.
The shortfall in the power sector can rise to around 7,MW or 32pc of total demand for electricity. Chronic power shortage, in the form of load-shedding and power outages, costed the Pakistan economy Rs14 billion 7pc of GDP last year. Over million Pakistanis either have no access to the power grid or suffer over 12 hours of load-shedding daily.
Pakistanis who do not have access to the grid are often poorer than those on the grid. Meanwhile, household electricity consumption has grown at an average annual rate of 10pc 4. Installed capacity and maximum demand for electricity.
In the last five years, Pakistan has taken a hit of Rs billion per annum from system losses in the grid due to inefficient transmission and distribution. Investment in the power sector has fallen to 0.
About 60pc of Pakistani households have some form of UPS as a backup for selected appliances during power cuts and shortages. Backup power sources are a stopgap solution, both wasteful and inefficient.
How can Pakistan cope with chronic power shortage? Although the government is attempting to add capacity to the grid in order to remedy the persistent power shortage, these measures will take time to come into effect. A more immediate solution to the problem is the conservation and efficient use of energy, as about 67pc of domestic energy consumption stems from inefficient appliances such as lights and fans.
Another alternative is to shift to renewable forms of energy, such as wind and solar power. There is enough potential from wind generation to supply all of Pakistan's electricity needs.
Half this potential exists in one contiguous belt of Sindh coastline. There are around 1. The use of solar irrigation pumps for agricultural purposes instead of diesel-powered or tractor driven pumps could mean a 27pc saving in consumption of diesel fuel for irrigation pumping.
The China Pakistan Economic Corridor is another way Pakistan could turn towards cleaner forms of energy, as China is a world leader in total wind and solar installed renewable energy, at about ,MW.
Punjab must lead the way in this initiative, as the province is home to the largest population in Pakistan and consumes the most electricity. About 90pc of all tubewells are also in Punjab.
The Raftaar report says the greatest responsibility and opportunity lies with the province to improve energy efficiency and conservation in agriculture, as well as in households and businesses.Cooling is a basic need for buildings in hot and sunny climates.
In most countries the major source of cooling is electrical power based. During summer in hot climates there is an increase in electricity consumption due to cooling load.
Electricity Shortage in Pakistan becomes more severe during the year due to extensive use luxurious appliances of electricity by domestic monstermanfilm.coming to the report, in the fiscal year , some 2,MW power was required to operate some million electric home appliances i.e.
number of refrigerators in the country were /5(12). Pakistan is aiming to add 5, megawatts of electricity to its national grid by as the country is struggles to overcome chronical energy shortages which has hampered growth and forced many factories to close.
The utility electricity sector in India has one National Grid with an installed capacity of GW as on 31 October Renewable power plants constituted % of total installed capacity. During the fiscal year , the gross electricity generated by utilities in India was 1, TWh and the total electricity generation (utilities and non utilities) in the country was 1, TWh.
Pakistan electricity sector is a developing market. For years, the matter of balancing the country's supply against the demand for electricity had remained a largely unresolved matter.
The country faced significant challenges in revamping its network responsible for the supply of electricity.
The energy policy of Pakistan is formulated and determined by the federal, provincial, and local institutional entities in Pakistan, which address the issues of energy production, distribution, and consumption of energy, such as gas mileage and petroleum standards.