Compare and Contrast of Piaget's developmental theory with Sigmund Freud Compare and Contrast of Piaget's developmental theory with Sigmund Freud Introduction In this paper the information of developing stages of human are discussed which has been proposed by Jean Piaget and Sigmund Freud, Piaget's theory of cognitive development: In this theory comprehensively provide the information of developing stage of human and how knowledge can be obtained progressively, not only obtain but how to build and how to exercise it.
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It appeared the demographic make-up of the children using the facility was approximately one-third of Middle Eastern descent, one-third white and one-third of Asian descent. Children appeared to range from approximately two years old to ten years old.
Caregivers however were predominantly of Hispanic descent. Piaget For Piaget the Preoperational Stage extends from age two to approximately ages six or seven.
During this period the child acquires motor skills and develops a sense of self.
Imaginative solo play in the sand, construction of imaginary objects using simple plastic equipment 2. Solo play on playground equipment, particularly not involving complex motor skills such as sliding down a slide. Not being physically far from caregiver; frequent looking at caregiver even if caregiver otherwise occupied, e.
Sitting with caregiver and playing simple games e. The Concrete Operational Stage extends from age seven to approximately ages 11 or During this period the child becomes more capable of independently acquiring information about the world and thinking in terms of cause-effect relationships.
The child also becomes less egocentric and more aware of the presence of others. Introduction to and play with other children, even if personal identifiers name, age not clearly established. Fantasy role-playing with other children, e.
Greater motor facility demonstrated by playing on more complex playground equipment, e. Progressive gender identification, e. Erikson Erikson theorized there were eight stages of psychosocial development. Each had a syntonic harmonious element and a dystonic disruptive element.
During this stage the child develops fluid motor movement and coping skills. Rather than simply reacting the child begins interacting purposefully with the external world. Resolution of the antinomy produces the basic strength of purpose.
They are different characterizations of what appear to be essentially the same phenomena. A child catalyzing behavior of other children by instigating the play of a game of tag.
Not clear if these other children were known or unknown to the organizing child; most likely a combination of both illustrating industry.
A child recruiting other children prior relationships also unknown to assist in the construction of a more elaborate sand-structure than one child alone would be capable of creating illustrating industry.
Children making repeated trips back to their caregivers, sitting on the periphery of play activity, seeking contact and reassurance illustrating guilt. The child develops knowledge of the external world, learns practical skills such as how to read and write and starts becoming inculcated in social norms such as principles of cooperation.
The psychosocial crisis of this stage is industry versus inferiority. Industry means industriousness, a willingness to remain busy doing something and to complete a task. Children sitting at a table doing homework, which appeared primarily to comprise reading assignments or arithmetic problems illustrating industry.Piaget believes the first stage of development should be a cognitive one.
Her first stage is known as the sensory motor stage. It takes place from birth to about two years of age.
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development suggests that children move through four different stages of mental development. His theory focuses not only on understanding how children acquire knowledge, but also on understanding the nature of intelligence.
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Comparison of Piaget, Freud, and Eriksons Theories. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: Piaget also believed in developmental theory. Her stages were cognitive stages.
These stages were based on what the child can do. The next stage in Piaget’s cognitive development theory is the pre-operational stage. This takes place from about two.
Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development Stage One – Trust vs Mistrust The first stage of the Erikson stages starts from infant to about 18 months. Comparison of Piaget’s and Erikson’s Stages of Childhood Development Introduction to and play with other children, even if personal identifiers (name, age) not clearly established.
A very insightful lead to students’ understaning of cognitive development. SIMON BAAKO. View July 21, A very useful write up.
Thanks very much.