An analysis of the character and tragedy of macbeth a play by william shakespeare

Macbeth is a brave soldier and a powerful man, but he is not a virtuous one. He is easily tempted into murder to fulfill his ambitions to the throne, and once he commits his first crime and is crowned King of Scotland, he embarks on further atrocities with increasing ease. Ultimately, Macbeth proves himself better suited to the battlefield than to political intrigue, because he lacks the skills necessary to rule without being a tyrant. His response to every problem is violence and murder.

An analysis of the character and tragedy of macbeth a play by william shakespeare

Act I[ edit ] The play opens amidst thunder and lightning, and the Three Witches decide that their next meeting shall be with Macbeth. In the following scene, a wounded sergeant reports to King Duncan of Scotland that his generals Macbeth, who is the Thane of Glamis, and Banquo have just defeated the allied forces of Norway and Ireland, who were led by the traitorous Macdonwald, and the Thane of Cawdor.

In the following scene, Macbeth and Banquo discuss the weather and their victory. As they wander onto a heath, the Three Witches enter and greet them with prophecies.

Though Banquo challenges them first, they address Macbeth, hailing him as "Thane of Glamis," "Thane of Cawdor," and that he shall "be King hereafter. When Banquo asks of his own fortunes, the witches respond paradoxically, saying that he will be less than Macbeth, yet happier, less successful, yet more.

He will father a line of kings though he himself will not be one. While the two men wonder at these pronouncements, the witches vanish, and another thane, Ross, arrives and informs Macbeth of his newly bestowed title: The first prophecy is thus fulfilled, and Macbeth, previously sceptical, immediately begins to harbour ambitions of becoming king.

Be Book-Smarter.

They will be defenceless as they will remember nothing. Act II[ edit ] While Duncan is asleep, Macbeth stabs him, despite his doubts and a number of supernatural portents, including a hallucination of a bloody dagger. He is so shaken that Lady Macbeth has to take charge.

Macbeth murders the guards to prevent them from professing their innocence, but claims he did so in a fit of anger over their misdeeds. Act III[ edit ] Despite his success, Macbeth, also aware of this part of the prophecy, remains uneasy. Macbeth invites Banquo to a royal banquetwhere he discovers that Banquo and his young son, Fleance, will be riding out that night.

The assassins succeed in killing Banquo, but Fleance escapes. At a banquet, Macbeth invites his lords and Lady Macbeth to a night of drinking and merriment. Macbeth raves fearfully, startling his guests, as the ghost is only visible to him.

The others panic at the sight of Macbeth raging at an empty chair, until a desperate Lady Macbeth tells them that her husband is merely afflicted with a familiar and harmless malady. The ghost departs and returns once more, causing the same riotous anger and fear in Macbeth.

This time, Lady Macbeth tells the lords to leave, and they do so. First, they conjure an armoured head, which tells him to beware of Macduff IV.

Macbeth - Wikipedia

Second, a bloody child tells him that no one born of a woman shall be able to harm him. Thirdly, a crowned child holding a tree states that Macbeth will be safe until Great Birnam Wood comes to Dunsinane Hill.

Macbeth is relieved and feels secure because he knows that all men are born of women and forests cannot move.

After the witches perform a mad dance and leave, Lennox enters and tells Macbeth that Macduff has fled to England. Act V[ edit ] Meanwhile, Lady Macbeth becomes racked with guilt from the crimes she and her husband have committed. Suddenly, Lady Macbeth enters in a trance with a candle in her hand.

Bemoaning the murders of Duncan, Lady Macduff, and Banquo, she tries to wash off imaginary bloodstains from her hands, all the while speaking of the terrible things she knows she pressed her husband to do.

She leaves, and the doctor and gentlewoman marvel at her descent into madness. Her belief that nothing can wash away the blood on her hands is an ironic reversal of her earlier claim to Macbeth that "[a] little water clears us of this deed" II.

While encamped in Birnam Wood, the soldiers are ordered to cut down and carry tree limbs to camouflage their numbers.

Though he reflects on the brevity and meaninglessness of life, he nevertheless awaits the English and fortifies Dunsinane. The English forces overwhelm his army and castle.Importance of the Witches Prophecies in Macbeth - Macbeth is a play written by Shakespeare that is set in eleventh century Scotland.

In the play, the witches give Macbeth numerous prophecies that are malicious designs to provoke Macbeth towards his demise.

An analysis of the character and tragedy of macbeth a play by william shakespeare

Introduction to the Main Characters in Macbeth Macbeth The horrific and detestable acts perpetrated by Macbeth mirror the crimes of Shakespeare's great villains -- Aaron the Moor, Iago, Richard III, Edmund -- all at the ready to slaughter women and children, usurp divinely appointed kings, and butcher their closest friends to satisfy ambitious cravings.

SparkNotes are the most helpful study guides around to literature, math, science, and more. Find sample tests, essay help, and translations of Shakespeare.

From the SparkNotes Blog

Macbeth Resources Macbeth: Study Guide The Metre of Macbeth: Blank Verse and Rhymed Lines Macbeth Character Introduction Metaphors in Macbeth Macbeth, Duncan and Shakespeare's Changes References to King James I in Macbeth The Royal Patent that Changed Shakespeare's Life Soliloquy Analysis: If it were done when 'tis done ().

Oct 12,  · Check out Shakespeare's Macbeth Video SparkNote: Quick and easy Macbeth synopsis, analysis, and discussion of major characters and themes in the play.

Character Analysis In the tragedy Macbeth, written by William Shakespeare, many character traits are portrayed through the various characters throughout the play.

SparkNotes: Today's Most Popular Study Guides