A literary analysis of the literature by sophocles

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A literary analysis of the literature by sophocles

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See Article History Western literature, history of literatures in the languages of the Indo-European family, along with a small number of other languages whose cultures became closely associated with the West, from ancient times to the present.

Diverse as they are, European literatures, like European languages, are parts of a common heritage. Literatures in these languages are, however, closely associated with major Western literatures and are often included among them.

About interestingliterature In his Poetics, Aristotle held it up as the exemplary Greek tragedy.
Navigate Guide Orwell intended to criticize the communist regime he saw sweeping through Russia and spreading to Europe and even the United States. Though he agreed with many Marxist principles, Orwell was unable to accept the communist interpretation of socialism because he saw many similarities between the communist governments and the previous czarist regimes in old Russia.

The common literary heritage is essentially that originating in ancient Greece and Rome. It was preserved, transformed, and spread by Christianity and thus transmitted to the vernacular languages of the European Continent, the Western Hemisphereand other regions that were settled by Europeans.

To the present day, this body of writing displays a unity in its main features that sets it apart from the literatures of the rest of the world. Such common characteristics are considered here. For specific information about the major national literatures or literary traditions of the West, see such articles as American literatureEnglish literatureGerman literatureGreek literatureLatin American literatureand Scandinavian literature.

Various other Western literatures—including those in the ArmenianBulgarianEstonianLithuanianand Romanian languages—are also treated in separate entries. Ancient literature The stark fact about ancient Western literature is that the greater part of it has perished.

Some of it had been forgotten before it was possible to commit it to writing; fire, war, and the ravages of time have robbed posterity of most of the rest; and the restitutions that archaeologists and paleographers achieve from time to time are small.

Yet surviving writings in Greek and far more in Latin have included those that on ancient testimony marked the heights reached by the creative imagination and intellect of the ancient world.

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Five ancient civilizations—Babylon and Assyria, Egypt, Greece, Rome, and the culture of the Israelites in Palestine—each came into contact with one or more of the others. Hebrew culture exerted its greatest literary influence on the West because of the place held by its early writings as the Old Testament of the Christian Bible; and this literature profoundly influenced Western consciousness through translation from about the time of St.

Augustine onward into every vernacular language as well as into Latin. Though influenced by the religious myths of Mesopotamia, Asia Minorand Egypt, Greek literature has no direct literary ancestry and appears self-originated.

Roman writers looked to Greek precept for themes, treatment, and choice of verse and metre. All of the chief kinds of literature —epic, tragedy, comedy, lyric, satirehistory, biographyand prose narrative—were established by the Greeks and Romans, and later developments have for the most part been secondary extensions.

The Greek epic of Homer was the model for the Latin of Virgil; the lyric fragments of Alcaeus and Sappho were echoed in the work of Catullus and Ovid; the history of Thucydides was succeeded by that of Livy and Tacitus; but the tragedy of the great Athenians of the 5th century bc had no worthy counterpart in Roman Seneca nor had the philosophical writings of Plato and Aristotle in those of any ancient Roman, for the practical Romans were not philosophers.

Whereas Greek writers excelled in abstraction, the Romans had an unusually concrete vision and, as their art of portraiture shows, were intensely interested in human individuality. In sum, the work of these writers and others and perhaps especially that of Greek authors expresses the imaginative and moral temper of Western man.

It has helped to create his values and to hand on a tradition to distant generations. Among Roman authors an elevated Stoicism stressing the sense of duty is common to many, from Naevius, Ennius, and Cato to VirgilHoraceand Seneca. Christianity and the church The establishment of Christianity throughout the territories that had formed the Roman Empire meant that Europe was exposed to and tutored in the systematic approach to life, literature, and religion developed by the early Church Fathers.

In the West, the fusion of Christian and classical philosophy formed the basis of the medieval habit of interpreting life symbolically. AugustinePlatonic and Christian thought were reconciled: Classical literature was invested with this same symbolism; exegetical, or interpretative, methods first applied to the Scriptures were extended as a general principle to classical and secular writings.

The church not only established the purpose of literature but preserved it. These monasteries were able to preserve the only classical literature available in the West through times when Europe was being raided by Goths, Vandals, Franks, and, later, Norsemen in succession.

The classical Latin authors so preserved and the Latin works that continued to be written predominated over vernacular works throughout most of the period.

Vernacular works and drama The main literary values of the period are found in vernacular works. The pre-Christian literature of Europe belonged to an oral tradition that was reflected in the Poetic Edda and the sagas, or heroic epics, of Iceland, the Anglo-Saxon Beowulf, and the German Song of Hildebrand.

These belonged to a common Germanic alliterative tradition, but all were first recorded by Christian scribes at dates later than the historical events they relate, and the pagan elements they contain were fused with Christian thought and feeling.The Antigone Literary Analysis chapter of this Antigone Study Guide course is the most efficient way to study the literary themes throughout this story.

Electra Analysis Literary Devices in Electra. Setting.

A literary analysis of the literature by sophocles

Sophocles wrote Electra around B.C., but the play is set in an older Greece. Sophocles's audience would have identified the world of Electra as that of mythological figures.

Though all works of literature present the author's point of view, they don't all have a narrator or a.

A literary analysis of the literature by sophocles

Literary Devices in Oedipus Rex Dramatic Irony: For example, when Creon tells Oedipus about the god’s curse on Thebes, Oedipus puts his own curse on the murderer of Laius, not knowing it was he who killed Laius (Sophocles, 14).

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Many in this discussion are confusing antagonist with foil. A foil is a character - often but not always a sidekick- who is created to bring out traits in the protagonist. Welcome to The Literature Network!

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In addition to his plays, Sophocles also wrote paeans and elegies. Fragments exist of a paean to the god Asclepius, of an ode to the historian Herodotus, and of an elegy to the philosopher Archelaus.

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